Worm farm composting benefits are fantastic for the garden and it reduces valuable organic materials being dumped and left to rot anaerobically in landfill sites, possibly contaminating fresh water and producing greenhouse gases
Check out some of the Worm composting benefits below
1) Requires very little space
2) Does not produce bad smells.
3) It does not produce greenhouse gases
4) Worm farming can be done outdoors and indoors.
5) Can process organic waste in a short time
6) Saves you money on fertilizers, soil conditioners and pesticides
7) Produces worm tea (liquid worm castings) which is both a natural pest repellent and organic fertilizer
8) worm farming produces worm castings, which is a great organic fertilizer.
9) Takes less than 10 minutes of maintenance per week
10) Fast! Add 500 or more red worms to the composting bin and they will start chowing on bedding and vegetation. Under ideal conditions, they can eat half their weight in vegetation each day.
11) Worm farming benefits are attained through biology, chemistry and microbiology. There is an amazing interplay of these sciences in producing this extraordinary soil and plant nutrient.
12) Increases Soil Fertility
Humic acid stimulates plant growth, even in very low concentrations. It also stimulates development of micro flora populations in the soil which in turn, stimulate root growth. The deeper it is the more plant root development and increased ability for nutrient uptake.
13) Aids in Pest/Disease Resistance
Humus in worm compost withdraws toxins and harmful fungi and bacteria from the soil, giving plants the ability to fight off diseases such as powdery mildew and damping off (a common greenhouse problem).
During the decomposition process that takes place as the scraps are broken down antibiotics are produced for example natural penicillin and other antibiotics.
Antibiotics, produced by certain bacteria, fungi, perform vital functions by inhibiting or killing certain microbe populations.
14) Regulates Plant Nutrients
The castings themselves have the ability to fix (or hold in suspension) heavy metals in organic waste. This prevents plants from absorbing more of these chemical compounds than they need.
Organic plant wastes usually have a carbon-nitrogen ratio of more than 20 to 1. Because of this ratio, the nitrogen is unavailable to plants and the soil around the organic waste becomes acidic. Worm compost reduces the acid-forming carbon in the soil and increases the nitrogen levels in a state that the plant can easily use.
15) Optimizes Soil Environment
Worm Castings act as a barrier to help plants grow in soil where the pH levels are too high or too low. They prevent extreme pH levels which would make it impossible for plants to absorb nutrients from the soil.
Humic acid in the compost stimulates microbial activity by adding to the microbe population and providing the microbes with a carbon source for food.
16) Improves Soil Structure
Due to the structure of worm compost, it aids in loosening and aerating the soil so that more oxygen gets to the roots.
The compost castings from the worms form mineral clusters that are held together by mucus from the worms which acts as a “glue”. These minerals combine in such a way that they can withstand water erosion and compaction; thus, they can remedy both sand and clay soils.
The ability of soil to retain water is increased by the added use of vermicompost. Humus from the vermicompost is hygroscopic; it can hold the equivalent of 80–90% of its weight in moisture and therefore increases the soil’s capacity to withstand drought conditions.